This paper was prepared by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the World Resources Institute (WRI), the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) and E3G. It develops a three-part framework to support governments (primarily – as they are the Parties to the Paris Agreement) and non-state actors to identify opportunities to: 1) drive action to mobilise and shift finance; 2) track progress against Article 2.1c; and 3) increase ambition.

As part of highlighting the approaches that can be taken both inside and outside of the UNFCCC, the paper also outlines the four key sets of tools that primarily governments can employ to shift finance. This toolkit includes: financial policies and regulations; fiscal policy levers; public finance; and information instruments.


Read the report